"> Name: Hessian playwright and activist Georg Buchner

Date:  1800 - 1850

Location:  Europe

SubjectPolitical/Economic/Social Opinion , Explicit Sexuality

MediumPersonal Opinion , Theatre

Artist: Georg Buchner

Confronting Bodies: Hessian authorities and German publishers

Date of Action: 1834-1836

Specific Location: The state of Hesse-Darmstadt in pre-unified Germany

Description of Artwork: Buchner helped author The Hessian Courier. In 1836 he printed a letter protesting the new grand duke of Hesse, writing, "The political circumstances are enough to drive me mad. The wretched people patiently pull the cart on which the princes and liberals play their monkey tricks." His play "Storm and Stress" describes a society in chaos.

Description of Incident: Two of Buchner's associates at the Courier were arrested for transporting copies of the periodical. He knew his arrest would promptly follow so he quickly wrote "Storm and Stress." His publisher agreed to print it only if he made cuts. Dialogue such as :

Soldier: Oh Christina, my Christina, when we play the concertina does it leave you sore, sore, sore.

Buchner left to Strasbourg after he recieved a warrant for arrest.

Results of Incident: Buchner studied biology and continued writing plays after leaving Hesse. He was awarded a doctorate and lectureship in natural history from the University of Zurich.

Source: Censorship, A World Encyclopedia, ed. D. Jones

Submitted By: NCAC

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