Name: Italian philosopher Giordano Bruno

Date:  1500 - 1799

Location:  Europe


MediumPersonal Opinion , Public Speech

Artist: Giordano Bruno

Confronting Bodies: Catholic, Calvinist and Lutheran authorities

Date of Action: 1570-1600

Specific Location: Italy, France, Switzerland and Germany

Description of Artwork: Bruno surmised that there existed infinite universes and uninhabited solar systems.

Description of Incident: Bruno moved throughout Europe during his lifetime. He was a Dominican monk in Naples but was expelled from his order when he removed all of the items in his dorm room except for a crucifix. He lived among Calvinists in Geneva until they disapproved of a treatise that he wrote. The Calvinists imprisoned him and burned the treatise. He challenged Copernicus and Aristotle. His ideology, that there existed infinite universes, challenged the Christian notion that Jesus's incarnation was unique. While in Venice in 1592 he offended his host by preaching against the Holy Trinity and Jesus Christ's miracles.

Results of Incident: After nine months in a Venetian prison Bruno was transfered to Rome and asked to abjure his statements. When he refused he was burned at the stake with his writings. In 1889 a statue of Bruno was erected in Rome. Some now believe that the papacy did more harm than good by condemning him to death.

Source: Censorship, A World Encyclopedia, ed. D. Jones

Submitted By: NCAC

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