Name: Peace Begins at Home

Date:  1985 - 1995

Location:  North America

SubjectNudity , Explicit Sexuality

MediumPublic art

Artist: Dr. Robert Tager, Shmuel Thaler, Catharina Marlowe

Confronting Bodies: County officials

Date of Action: May 1991

Specific Location: Santa Cruz, California

Description of Artwork: All three removed photographs portrayed female nudity. A picture called "Rejoice" by Dr. Robert Tager showed the upper half of a nude woman wearing a painted Balinese mask. Also removed were Shmuel Thaler's photograph of a woman experiencing labor pains and Catharina Marlowe's photograph of a nude couple on a beach.

Description of Incident: In May, 1991, three works were removed from an exhibit entitled Peace Begins at Home at the Santa Cruz County Government Center. The county's Director of Parks, Open Space and Cultural Services, Ben Angrove, ordered the works removed, saying, "a set of standards rests [in a government building] that's different from a gallery or a public place... " County officials cited concerns that children may view the works. lnterestingly, the County Children's Commission issued a letter after reviewing the exhibit saying that "All Commissioners were concerned about the probability that 'children' were 'used' to justify censorship."

Results of Incident: As a result of the Santa Cruz controversy, applications sent to prospective exhibitors now remind artists that their work will be displayed in a public arena, frequented by citizens with diverse opinions. The Santa Cruz County Arts Council also urged the County of Santa Cruz to "strongly express support for freedom of artistic expression... [and] make clear that conformity for its own sake is not encouraged, and that no undue preference will be given to any particular style or school of thought... even if that expression is occasionally controversial and offensive to some members of our community."

Source: People for the American Way

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